Dental Crowns in St. Charles, IL
Dental crowns are a fixed dental prosthesis that covers the upper part of a natural tooth. Also known as “caps,” dental crowns are the most commonly employed treatments in a dental office. It is a cap that is tooth shaped and covers a particular tooth to re-establish its size, appearance, shape and improve its strength.
When is a dental crown needed?
A dental crown is recommended in cases, including:
- Advanced tooth decay which cannot be treated with a filling
- A severely cracked tooth, which needs extra support to stay together
- Excessively worn out teeth (caused by tooth grinding or acid reflux, bulimia or acidic diet)
- To support a bridge
- To cover a tooth implant
- Cosmetic reasons, when a tooth is severely discolored or misshaped
Types of Dental Crowns in St. Charles, IL
There are various types of dental crowns to choose from:
- Metal Crowns: It is comprised of gold and other base metal alloys. They are durable and last longer in comparison to the other types of dental crowns. The biggest drawback is its distinct color.
- Porcelain Fused to Metal Crowns: This type of dental crown can easily be matched to the color of the neighboring teeth. Though it looks natural, it is subjected to wear and tear.
- All Resin Crowns: It is an economical option but is vulnerable to fractures and damages.
- All-Ceramic Crowns: It is an ideal choice if you are looking for natural looking tooth; it is highly recommended for a front tooth. The strong and durable BruxZir crowns are now recommended for posterior teeth.
- Gold Crowns: It is made of gold but is rarely suggested for aesthetic appeal.
Dental Crown Procedure
The dental crown procedure is done in at least two sessions. During the first appointment, Dr. Bryan Cichon will acquire an X-ray of the affected tooth and do a visual exam to evaluate its health. If the pulp is inflamed or infected, a root canal treatment will need to be done. If there is an abscess at the tooth’s root, an antibiotic treatment would be prescribed, and you will need to return after a week or two to continue the procedure.
If the tooth’s pulp has not been affected, the decayed areas are removed, and the tooth’s edges are smoothed to fit the future crown. The amount of tooth taken out depends on the type of crown used. The metal ones are thinner and require a wider base while porcelain crowns are thicker and need a thin base. If the natural tooth is too small to support the crown, the dentist will add material to compensate. Once the base is brought to the right dimension to fit the crown, Dr. Bryan Cichon uses a putty to take the impressions of your teeth. Impressions of both upper and lower teeth are taken so that the crown will perfectly fit the space which needs to be covered and will not impact the opposite teeth.
At the end of the appointment, a temporary crown will be fitted to the tooth until the permanent crown can be placed.
The impression is sent to a dental lab, where the crown is produced. Usually, it takes two to three weeks for the crown to be sent back to the dental office. When the crown is available, you will be invited to the office for the fitting. The crown is attached to the shaped tooth using cement. You will not be able to eat for one-two hours until the cement is fully hardened.
The dental crown acts as a normal tooth and does not need special maintenance. A proper dental hygiene is enough to keep it in good shape for a long period.